Cambodia is a kingdom in Southeast Asia that borders Thailand to the west and northwest, Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. The country covers an area of 181,035 square kilometers and has a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. Like most of Southeast Asia, Cambodia is warm and sultry all year round. The climate is dominated by the annual monsoon cycle with its alternating wet and dry seasons, making November to February the coolest and driest months of the year.
From 1976 until 1979 the country was ruled by Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge regime. The Khmer Rouge’s policies resulted in nearly 2.5 million deaths in a population of 7 million people. Despite the country’s turbulent history today’s Cambodia is at peace, the kingdom is now a constitutional monarchy, which King Norodom Sihamoni has reigned over since 2004. Although the country is at peace, the crime rate is quite high and land mines still remain a problem throughout the countryside, so it is always recommended that you take a tour guide with you, even when visiting some of the more popular ruins of Angkor.